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【原创】高考文言文通假字识记和解释260例(二)

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【原创】高考文言文通假字识记和解释260例(二)


                  高考文言文通假字识记和解释260例(二)

                                             罗志辉编

 

 

 

45.弘位在三公,奉禄甚多。                          意义:                             

   而察武阳奉地图匣,以次进。                        意义:                             

   毛遂奉铜盘而跪进之楚王。                          意义:                              

   王必无人,臣愿奉璧往使。                         意义:                              

46.请奉盆缶秦王,以相娱乐。                         意义:                              

47.入则无法家拂土。                                 意义:                             

48.长乐王回深父,余弟安国平父、安上纯父。           意义:                              

49.置之河之干兮。                                   意义:                               

50.盖亦反其本矣。                                   意义:                               

   嘻,善哉,技盖至此乎?                            意义:                             

51.称心快意,几家能彀(gòu)。                       意义:                               

52.舟中估客莫漫狂,小姑前年嫁彭郎。                 意义:                             

53.媵人持汤沃灌。                                   意义:                             

54.怳惊起而长嗟。                                    意义:                               

55.兵旱相乘,天下大屈,有勇力者聚徒而衡击。           意义:                              

   困于心,衡于虑。                                  意义:                              

  外连衡而斗诸侯。                                   意义:                             

  左手倚一衡木                                      意义:                              

56.助画方略。                                        意义:                             

   曲终收拨当心画,四弦一声如裂帛。                  意义:                              

57.甚矣,汝之不惠。                                   意义:                              

58.缚者曷为者也。                                    意义:                            

59.麾众拥豪民马前。                                  意义:                             

60.南声函胡,北音清越。                              意义:                             

61.蹈死不顾,亦易故哉?                               意义:                             

62.常恐秋节至,焜黄华叶衰。                          意义:                            

63.王必欲降武,请毕今日之驩。                        意义:                             

64.秦王还柱而走。                                    意义:                              

   扁鹊望桓侯而还走。                                意义:                            

65.然仓皇中不可落于敌人之手以死。                    意义:                            

   元嘉草草,封狼居胥,赢得仓皇北顾。                  意义:                            

   仓皇东出,未及见贼而士卒离散。                    意义:                             

   鸾鸟凤皇,日以远兮。                             意义:                             

66.吾惛,不能进于是矣。                             意义:                             

67.举世混浊,何不随其流而扬其波?                    意义:                             

68.世溷浊而莫余知兮。                                意义:                            

   中丞匿于溷藩以免。                                意义:                             

69.出门看火伴。                                      意义:                             

   瞎王留引定火乔男女。                              意义:                             

70.君子疾夫舍曰欲之而必为之辞。                      意义:                            

71.庞涓恐其贤于己,疾之。                            意义:                             

72.鉏櫌棘矜,非铦于钩戟长铩也。                       意义:                             

73.籍柔覆温之躯。                                    意义:                            

74.又或有纪载而语焉不详。                            意义:                             

75.如有营,予佐尔贾。                                意义:                             

   有者半贾而卖。                                    意义:                             

76.宏餍慈九德,简能而任之。                          意义:                             

77.是以先帝简拔以遗陛下。                            意义:                            

78.盖简桃核修狭者为之。                              意义:                            

79.图穷而匕首见。                                    意义:                             

   信义安所见乎?                                     意义:                             

   何时眼前突兀见此屋。                              意义:                            

   路转溪头忽见。                                    意义:                            

   风吹草低见牛羊。                                  意义:                             

   才美不外见。                                      意义:                             

   譬若锥之处囊中,其末立见。                        意义:                             

   明标着册历,见放着文书!                           意义:                             

80.缰本而节用,则天不能贫。                          意义:                            

 

                  文言文通假字识记和解释260例(二)

                                            答  

 

45.弘位在三公,奉禄甚多。                    意义:        俸禄,薪俸         

   而察武阳奉地图匣,以次进。                 意义:           两手托着          

   毛遂奉铜盘而跪进之楚王。                    意义:          两手托着          

    王必无人,臣愿奉璧往使。                   意义:         两手托着          

46.请奉盆缶秦王,以相娱乐。                    意义:      盛酒浆的瓦器          

47.入则无法家拂土。                            意义:               辅弼          

48.长乐王回深父,余弟安国平父、安上纯父。       意义:        对男子的美称          

49.置之河之干兮。                    干         意义:                岸边          

50.盖亦反其本矣。                             意义:                何不          

   嘻,善哉,技盖至此乎?              盖     盍   意义:               为什么         

51.称心快意,几家能彀(gòu)。                意义:       够得上 达到          

52.舟中估客莫漫狂,小姑前年嫁彭郎             意义:              商人          

53.媵人持汤沃灌。                         盥   意义:             洗手          

54.怳惊起而长嗟。                            意义: 恍然,猛然醒来的样子         

55.兵旱相乘,天下大屈,有勇力者聚徒而衡击。 衡      横     意义:     横行抢劫          

   困于心,衡于虑。                            意义:         梗塞,指不顺         

   外连衡而斗诸侯。                  衡      横   意义:连横,与合纵相对,连横则是

                                                                 国分别与秦国联盟,以求苟安。

   左手倚一衡木                               意义:           与竖相对         

56.助画方略。                        画          意义:          谋划 筹划         

   曲终收拨当心画,四弦一声如裂帛。          意义: 用拨子在琵琶中划一下        

57.甚矣,汝之不惠。                  惠         意义:          聪慧聪明        

58.缚者曷为者也。                    曷          意义:               什么          

59.麾众拥豪民马前。                  麾       挥   意义:               指挥         

60.南声函胡,北音清越。             函胡    含糊 意义:             不清晰        

61.蹈死不顾,亦曷故哉?               曷       何   意义:                 什么        

62.常恐秋节至,焜黄华叶衰。          华       花   意义:               花朵         

63.王必欲降武,请毕今日之驩。        驩         意义:                 欢聚          

64.秦王还柱而走。                    还         意义:                 绕         

   扁鹊望桓侯而还走。                还       旋   意义:        回转、掉转         

65.然仓皇中不可落于敌人之手以死。             意义:        恐俱,惊慌         

   元嘉草草,封狼居胥,赢得仓皇北顾。  皇          意义:         恐俱,惊慌        

   仓皇东出,未及见贼而士卒离散。              意义:          恐俱,惊慌        

   鸾鸟凤皇,日以远兮。                    凰   意义:       传说中的雌凤         

66.吾惛,不能进于是矣。              惛      昏   意义:           昏乱糊涂         

67.举世混浊,何不随其流而扬其波?          浑   意义:   水不清,喻世风污浊          

68.世溷浊而莫余知兮。                溷     混、浑意义:           混浊浑浊         

   中丞匿于溷藩以免。                溷     混、浑意义:               厕所         

69.出门看火伴。                            伙   意义:古代军队的组织,十个为一伙” 

   瞎王留引定火乔男女。               火        意义:           一伙 量词         

70.君子疾夫舍曰欲之而必为之辞。       疾         意义:           嫉妒 憎恨         

71.庞涓恐其贤于己,疾之”                   嫉   意义:          嫉妒,憎恨         

72.鉏櫌棘矜,非铦于钩戟长铩也。              戟    意义:                 兵器         

73.籍柔覆温之躯。                      籍      藉    意义:                  垫        

74.又或有纪载而语焉不详。                   记    意义:                 记载        

75.如有营,予佐尔贾。                       价    意义:                    钱        

  有者半贾而卖。                         通   价    意义:                价钱       

76.宏餍慈九德,简能而任之。           简      拣    意义:               选、择       

77.是以先帝简拔以遗陛下。                   拣    意义:           挑选,选拔        

   盖简桃核修狭者为之。                    拣    意义:                挑选        

78.吾将间良人之所之也。”             间     瞷   意义:            看,观察        

79.图穷而匕首见。                     见     现    意义:         暴露,露出来        

   信义安所见乎?                      见     现    意义:         呈现,露出来        

   何时眼前突兀见此屋。                     现    意义:        呈现,露出来         

   路转溪头忽见。                           现    意义:                出现         

  风吹草低见牛羊。                          现    意义:          呈现,露出来         

  才美不外见。                         见      现    意义:         呈现,露出来         

  譬若锥之处囊中,其末立见。                 现    意义:         出现,露出来        

  明标着册历,见放着文书!            见     现    意义:                 现在         

80.缰本而节用,则天不能贫。                 强    意义:               强大        

 

 

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